Dot Product

## Description

The dot product of any two vectors $a = \begin{pmatrix} a_1 \\ a_2 \\ a_3 \end{pmatrix}$ and $b=\begin{pmatrix} b_1 \\ b_2 \\ b_3 \end{pmatrix}$ is defined as

(1)
\begin{align} \mathbf a \cdot \mathbf b = \sum_{i=1}^n a_i b_i \end{align}

The Sage cell below calculates the dot product for the vectors $a = \begin{pmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \\ 3 \end{pmatrix}$ and $b = \begin{pmatrix} 4 \\ 5 \\ 6 \end{pmatrix}$.

## Sage Cell

#### Code

a = vector( QQ, 3, [ 1, 2, 3 ] )
b = vector( QQ, 3, [ 4, 5, 6 ] )
dotproduct=a.dot_product(b)
dotproduct


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